Following a sharp crisis in 1962–1963, a new economic debate opened up in Argentina, linked to the concrete limits or potential of industrial development, no longer that of light industrialization but rather one delineated by Peronism, ECLA, and desarrollismo. That debate was fueled not only by the lackluster performance of the national economy and its recurring crises but also by the growing professionalization in the field of economics whose economists found greater receptivity for their involvement in the multiple public agencies created in the period, as well as the growth of academic institutions and think tanks. The numerous publications that appeared at the end of the 1950s undoubtedly contributed to disseminate and legitimize the opinions of economists and intellectuals regarding the best strategy to achieve national economic development and ended up relegating the role of the political parties as the centers of gestation and dissemination of ideas on economic matters. New interpreters (with other, more sophisticated conceptual tools) and new means of circulating ideas combined to build a new discursive hegemony in an intellectual environment that would be shifting its primary focus thanks to the ever more preponderant technical arguments and professional exponents.