This chapter introduces the book Social and Economic Rights in Africa: International and Public Law Perspectives. Against the background of some biases that continue to trail this class of rights and prevent their normative development, the chapter highlights some of the theses to be defended in subsequent chapters. It summarises the conceptual and normative themes to be covered in subsequent chapters. It outlines the research methodology employed, arguing for broad and comparative approaches that respond to human security challenges in Africa. The chapter stresses the necessity to examine human rights instruments through the lens of political and sociological undercurrents that shaped them, and remarks on the Afrocentric nature of the study.