Traditional farming in Mexico has historically been done in a way that respects natural limits with small-scale subsistence farmers growing avocados as lone trees in small plots within a mixed farming system. This style of farming changed with the arrival of industrial agriculture when farms became larger in size, specialised in one crop, and relied on the use of agrochemicals. From the 1960s onwards, avocados started to be grown in large-scale plantations. However, the traditional style of sustainable farming is once again on the rise and has the potential to reduce the negative environmental and social impacts associated with avocado production. Agroecology empowers farms and rural communities, reconnecting them with consumers. It can help to provide equitable access to land and natural resources for the farmers and local populations. This movement has spread worldwide but originates in Mexico.