The harvest data in this chapter derive from three main sources: interviews with all Mogbuama heads of farm households in May/June to estimate sales of rice and other crops from 1982 farms; observation of the 1983 harvest; and post-harvest interviews with a sample of 33 male and female farmers to record their explanations of success and failure in the 1983 season. The main feature of note relates to women’s sources of income. The data confirm the economic importance to women of groundnuts and the intercrops from the upland rice farm (egusi melon, beniseed and cotton). Non-rice intercrops are as valuable in cash terms as rice sales from the household rice farm. Studies of agrarian inequality in northern Nigeria by Hill (1972, 1977, 1982) stress inequalities of land ownership and in access to land as determinants of rural poverty.