To understand the historical narratives about Latvia used in Russian propaganda, it is necessary to investigate the bilateral relations between Latvia and Russia. Special attention should be paid to events in the twentieth century, because they are used by Kremlin propagandists to discredit modern Latvia and divide its society according to divergent assessments of history. Historians controlled by the Kremlin explain the incorporation of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania into the USSR in 1940 as voluntary. Narratives supported by the Russian media ignore the aggressive foreign policy of the USSR directed against the Baltics, the persecution, and the deportation of the civilian population to Siberia. The foreign policy of modern Russia is largely like that of the Soviet Union, and thus the space for a truly academic approach to the study of the history of the USSR is limited in Russia.