ABSTRACT

The Russian diplomacy of remembrance is part of its public diplomacy directed at foreign audiences with the aim of swaying them in favour of Russian foreign policy goals. In the classical sense, the study of history is an instrument of soft power, but authoritarian Russia has politicized historic research, so that in practice it employs sharp power that has a destructive effect on the media space, plus the social and political processes of the target countries. Markedly different interpretations of historical events divide the societies of Russia’s neighbouring countries, intensifying the processes of Russian diasporization, or alienation of ethnic Russians from the processes in their country of residence. Latvia is particularly vulnerable in this regard due to a large proportion of its population being Russian speakers, who have been consumers of the Kremlin’s media for many years.