ABSTRACT

There are many studies on neurodiversity which indicate that in the UK there are approximately between 15% and 20% of people that are neurodivergent. The medical model is currently the model that has been in place for decades within schools. The social model outlines a collective responsibility by society to support and address any difficulties that have been created by how a society is formed. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criterion is used as the assessment criterion for many neuro-differences. Children with attachment disorder will have difficulty in forming attachments and deep emotional connections with their caregivers. Behaviours that indicate ODD can include excessive arguments with peers, parents and teachers; the constant questioning of rules and boundaries and refusing to comply with them, even if it puts them in danger; blaming others for their own mistakes; becoming irritated and annoyed by others around them or demonstrating what appears to be temper tantrums.