This chapter reviews the relevant provisions of the Paris Agreement (PA) and deliberates their implications for the forest sector. It describes the processes, principles, and practices pertinent to forest sector climate actions, covering such topics as targets and indicators, scope and information requirements of forest-sector actions, progress tracking and stock taking, anthropogenic testing, carbon accounting, and climate governance. Along the way, the chapter offers the author’s perspectives on and proposed solutions for some of the problems likely to be encountered in implementing the PA. Improved measurement and monitoring is necessary if a Party intends to include forest sector carbon pools as part of the offsetting credits in its accounting of greenhouse gas emissions and removal. Furthermore, jurisdictional approaches to governance as established under the PA imply that forest sector actions taken by subnational and other entities should be nested within a Party’s nationally determined contribution. Finally, the chapter explores the prospects for results-based payments schemes to be carried out at scale.