This chapter focuses on how actors linked climate change and the Syrian civil war through translations and knowledge resources. It first provides a brief background about the conflict, and a chronological overview of the climate-conflict debate. It then identifies five key controversies debated by actors in context of climate-Syria links: whether Syria had its worst drought ever prior to the conflict, whether the drought was part of a long-term climate trend, whether it triggered massive rural-urban migration, whether migration destabilized Syria’s fragile cities and led to escalation and whether climate change facilitated the rise of ISIS in Syria. This chapter then describes the translations of actors in context of each controversy and maps the knowledge resources they assembled to debate the controversies.