ABSTRACT

The difference between the almost right word and the right word is really a large matter—it’s the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning. Research has found many benefits of including synonyms and antonyms in vocabulary instruction. Finding appropriate antonyms can be challenging, so Leslie often offers teacher guidance. Once students have completed their journals they help the reader make a class chart of the vocabulary words, using dry erase markers on a whiteboard. In the Common Core State Standards the ability to “demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites” begins in kindergarten. Margot and the class work through the rest of the words. Younger students wear their lanyards in the classroom, in the hallway, to special areas, and to lunch. If there are extra words, a student may wear more than one lanyard with synonyms or antonyms of the vocabulary words.