In this chapter, the authors share additional classroom activities that will deepen students’ word knowledge. The ability to use affixes to determine the meanings of unknown words is now part of the Common Core State Standards as early as kindergarten. Transportation is the word Leslie has chosen to display on the document camera at the beginning of today’s vocabulary lesson. Proficient readers automatically use context clues to connect the text with their background knowledge, or what they already know about the topic. Engaging students in activities that ask them to apply vocabulary improves their comprehension and helps them recognize vocabulary as a fluid and standard component of academic conversations rather than just a list of words on an anchor chart. Today Leslie has prepared index cards with “pirate talk” sentences, which are rudimentary sentences such as “Me can’t see stuff far away”.