In the 1980s, regional planning and governance in Britain were commonly regarded as lost causes. But behind government rhetoric dismissing regional ideas, political pressures encouraged a revival of the regional dimension in strategic physical planning and in varied aspects of government administration. Despite continuing antipathy to elected regional local government or assemblies, the Government was forced to accept that regional issues and problems of top-heavy centralised government demand regional dimensions in physical, social and some economic planning So although the progressive absorption of the dimensions into government affairs has been random, ill-considered and ill-coordinated, the potential base for regional governance is being widened in the 1990s.