ABSTRACT

FROMthefirstcenturybeforeChristtothesixthcentury after,thegreatinitiativeinIndianspeculationwas

takenbyBuddhism,whichgivesproofofamarvellouseffort inphilosophy.Themovementwasledbyacomparatively newBuddhismwhich,aboutthesecondcenturyafterChrist, cametobedistinguishedfromtheoldbythenameofMahayana,theGreatVehicle,asopposedtoHinayana,theSmall Vehicle.ThesetwoformsofBuddhistthoughtwouldreact oneontheotheruntil,theheresybeingeliminatedfrom Indiaitself,theSmallVehiclewasconfinedchieflytoCeylon andcertaincolonies(Siam,Burma),whiletheGreatconquered CentralAsiaandtheFarEast.