ABSTRACT

THEdarknessenvelopingthepastofIndiaispartlydue toourignorance,andarchreologywillgraduallydispel

ittosomeextent.Butitisalsoduetothenatureofthe Indianworld.Inthatamalgamofdiverseracesandtongues, themostheterogeneoustraditionsaroseandendured,and wereneverbroughtintounity.Historyisimpossibleexcept forunitedpeoples.InIndiahistoryisreducedtounconnected genealogies.Eachcaste,eachsectorracialstock,each literaturehasormayhaveitsindependenttradition,the lucidityofwhichdependsonthedegreeofculturetowhich ithasrisen.Thehighestculturebelongstothepriestly caste,butthatcaste,whichhasforitsheritagetheunderstandingandreligiousexploitationoftheVedas,devotes itselftospeculationonabstracttechnicalities,andonly veryreluctantlyreflectsalltheconfusionofthelifearoundit. Politicalpowerlieswithanothercaste,thenobles;but historyisusuallysubservienttothepoliticalpower,preservingthememoryofitsgreatachievementsinorderto glorifyit.Itisonlybychancethattheotherelementsof thepopulationhavetheirhistory,anditisthehistory whichonewouldexpectfromaminoritycastbackonitself andmakingitselfthecentreoftheworld.