This second section deals with the status distinction between the 'respectable’ and the 'ordinary' families. This distinction is almost always made by English writers, but has received comparatively little attention abroad. The English studies have usually found both types of family side by side. Overseas work, by contrast, has usually described only the dominant type, neglecting to show whether deviations from this type formed a second, consistent pattern.6 Whereas English research has related this distinction to reference group theory, status competition and the 'aping of the middle class',7 other writers have generally related neighbouring to quite different features of the social structure.