TYPES OF SCHIZOID PERSONALITY
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T h e error of supposing that all schizoids are seclusive has already been laboured. Types of schizoid person ality are as varied and numerous as syntonic, but their classification is more open to controversy. Kretschmer has divided them according to what he calls a psych aesthetic scale, separating those who are predominantly sensitive (hyperaesthetic) from the apathetic and indifferent (anaesthetic), leaving an intermediate group who have some characteristics of each. The psych aesthetic scale is really a measure of the sensitivity of a person to others’ opinions. Thus the hyperaesthetic person is like a delicate scientific instrument which measures the thoughts and feelings which surrounding people have towards him, though an instrument so sensitive that storms either of anger or affection may dislocate it. The anaesthetic on the other hand is as sensitive as a stone to the boot which kicks it, appearing utterly indifferent to feeling in others, behaving as though no one else existed. It should be noted, however, that Kretschmer includes amongst his anaesthetics characters who seem to act in defiance of others’ opinions. These are not strictly anaesthetic ; they are sensitive, only in reverse gear.