We have found in hubris a psychic necessity on the way of individuation and differentiation towards higher levels of consciousness.1 In its Promethean form this means that human life involves trespasses and real violations of the divine, albeit static order, and the inevitability of doing wrong in a very objective sense of the word. To all this is added a new and specific kind of suffering. Even for Aeschylos, let alone for Hesiod, Prometheus is in trespass. He may be a criminal, or a tragic sinner, but sinner he is, and not merely the hero of a righteous war of liberation against cruel tyrants, as a certain school would have it. Since Zeus' order is that of a static cosmos, every human aspiration and effort is a revolt.