To appraise rightly the value and the courage of Mr. J. Chamberlain's statesmanship it is essential to consider the situation of the West African Colonies in 1894, and the causes which had retarded their development. A t that time there was a vicious circle in West African Colonial Administration. The revenues were on the one hand stationary, or increasing very slowly, and there was no immediate prospect of internal

development without policing the country so as to safeguard transit and trade in the first instance, and without railways in the second instance ; and on the other hand the exiguous and stationary revenues prevented the raising of the necessary force or the building of the railways. Externally, while the British Colonies stood still, there was the ever-present risk of French rivals occupying what we had omitted to occupy. Mr. Chamberlain gave the start to the development that has quickly and continuously followed.