Government Officials and the Training of Sudanese

T he administration of the Sudan emerged out of a military conquest. The British officers became administrators, and constituted the higher echelon of the country’s central and provincial govern­ ment until after the First World War. The necessity of including civilians in the administration was brought home to the Sudan government by the Boer War. Kitchener and many of the British officers left the Sudan to pursue their military careers, leaving in their wake large gaps in the administration. Hence a policy of recruitment was instituted in 1900, in the hope of enticing young British civilians to serve in the intermediate grades of the administration. The lower grades of the administration were filled by Egyptians and Lebanese, while the Sudanese were left to fill those posts which needed no qualifications. However, an educational policy was evolved whereby the administration hoped to replace the Egyptian officials by Sudanese.