ABSTRACT

T he Condominium Agreement was not in itself a constitution. It gave formal recognition to the prevailing situation following the reconquest. At the same time its preamble stated the necessity of providing laws for the country, and set down the procedure by which they were to be enacted. It excluded the enforcement of Egyptian laws or decrees in the Sudan and barred the jurisdiction of the Egyptian mixed tribunals from the country. The Agreement stated that Europeans would not enjoy any special privileges, thereby excluding the extension of the Capitulations to the Sudan. It further laid down the procedure for the enactment of laws. Complete powers were granted to the governor-general to promulgate laws and regulations, and change them whenever necessary. Finally, it imposed martial law over the Sudan, thereby extending even further the powers of the governor-general.1