ABSTRACT

The Condominium Agreement provided for a joint administration of the Sudan by the British and Egyptian governments. Yet it was clear from the outset that Egypt’s part of this administration was to be purely nominal. The supreme civil and military command of the Sudan was vested in the governor-general, who was nominated by the British government. Thus his appointment by Khedivial decree had few practical implications. It is, therefore, no wonder that during the whole period of the Condominium, all the governorsgeneral were British, and owed allegiance to the British government. Furthermore, Egypt had lost her own autonomy as a result of the British occupation in 1882. Hence her share of the Sudan administration was in reality carried out by the British consulgeneral and the British advisers in the Egyptian ministries.