ABSTRACT

The question that was to dominate GermanIsraeli politics from 1955 onwards was that of diplomatic relations. Because of the attitude of the Israeli public to the Germans an exchange of diplomatic missions had not been possible. Israels continued isolation, resulting from the hostility of its Arab neighbours, who were increasingly supported by the Communist Bloc both diplomatically and militarily, made further shifts in the foreign policy of the Jewish State an urgent necessity. With the United States cool because of Israels attack on Egypt during the Suez crisis, Israels search for friends inevitably led its government towards Bonn. The United States, though committed to the preservation of the integrity of Israel, needed a measure of Arab goodwill in order to keep the Soviet Union out of the area. This is why they were anxious that the West Germans too should cultivate their good relations with the Arab states.