ABSTRACT

The crisis developed slowly at first after the Frankfurter Rundschau in October 1964 first reported the West German arms deliveries to Israel. In November 1964 Dr Eugen Gerstenmaier, President of the West German Bundestag, visited Cairo at the invitation of his Egyptian counterpart, the Speaker of the Parliament of the United Arab Republic. The Israeli representative was therefore called to Jerusalem for consultations and very soon returned to Bonn with an oral message from Prime Minister Levi Eshkol to Chancellor Erhard. Gerstenmaier had apparently read the reports of West German arms deliveries to Israel with incredulity. The greatest gain for Israel in the medium term was that it could establish through Bonn a new formal link with western Europe and the European Community in which the Federal Republic was playing an increasingly important role As a result changes were soon made in the direction of West German foreign policy and these had some effect on the relationship with Israel.