Pakistan, a country with a predominantly Muslim population (97%), inherited its education system from the British in 1947 when it became independent.1 Some had hoped that the liberation from colonial control would change the lot of the country, including the status of women. The constitution guarantees women two fundamental rights: equality for all citizens under the law, and equality between the sexes.2 Have these rights been realized in education, employment, and other aspects of women's lives? If not, what has gone wrong? What action is required to change the situation of women?