The steadily mounting demand for outdoor recreation cannot be satisfied without large new areas of land and water for outdoor recreation, much capital investment for this purpose, more manpower for managing the areas, and a much larger total output of recreation services and values. The problems of providing adequate outdoor recreation are going to grow increasingly difficult. Uncertainties are going to remain a problem; the cost of various resources is going to increase, and budgets will remain limited. Unco-ordinated, intuitive approaches that lean heavily but uncritically on past experience cannot provide adequate solutions. Research is going to play an increasingly important role. Wise, timely, and economic expansion of recreation facilities and efficient administration of existing areas will require a great deal more in the way of both planning and research.