In the previous chapter we identified those materials in the household waste stream which are potentially recyclable. In order to realise this potential, the existing methods of waste collection need to be changed and new techniques of material separation need to be implemented. However, as we have seen, not all waste is recyclable, so that there will be a continuing need for the existing refuse collection and disposal services. It is therefore vital that any new arrangements for recycling are integrated with the existing methods of refuse collection and disposal, in order to ensure that we maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of both methods of waste management. It is hoped that the long-awaited National Waste Strategy,8 which is to be developed during 1995, will actively support such integration.