For media and groups alike, it seemed that Chris Patten had been outvoted not only by the Prime Minister but also by his cabinet colleagues. In a leader, The Times noted that Mr Patten had fought "a titanic struggle" within Whitehall for a more ambitious approach to environmental pollution, but had been opposed by cabinet colleagues, notably Cecil Parkinson (transport), John Wakeham (energy) and John Major and Norman Lamont (Treasury).