The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was meant to be a completely loyal tool of the regime and its wartime propaganda. It consisted of, and was headed by, Soviet-Jewish personalities exclusively, and its contacts with Jewish organizations outside the USSR were closely monitored and controlled by Soviet authorities. Nevertheless, the unusual circumstances in which it functioned, as well as the momentous events affecting Soviet Jewry, resulted in a growing Jewish identity on the part of the Committee as well as a feeling of responsibility towards the Jews.