Jews in general, and American Jews in particular, were a major target of Soviet overseas propaganda during the war. Russia’s image as Hitler’s principal enemy and savior of the Jews was exploited intensively for this purpose. Jewish pro-Soviet front organizations and individual fellow travelers in the West, as well as “unity” tactics and slogans, were used to gain sympathy and material support for the USSR. The most prominent Jewish pro-Soviet organizations were the “Jewish Council for Russian War Relief” (JCRWR) and the “American Committee of Jewish Writers, Artists and Scientists” (ACJWAS, also referred to as “The Writers’ Committee”) in the US, the “Jewish Fund for Soviet Russia” in England, and the “V League” in Palestine. It was only natural that the JAFC would be used to foster contacts with and represent Soviet interests vis-a-vis these and other similar organizations. 1