ABSTRACT

The JAFC became a major documentation center of Nazi atrocities against the Jews. The Molotov-Ribbentrop agreement had prevented any open and public discussion of Nazi policies toward Jews in the occupied parts of Europe until Hitler invaded the USSR in June, 1941. However, as early as August, speakers at the first Jewish wartime rally in Moscow talked openly of Hitler’s policy of annihilating the Jews. Pravda carried an extensive report of the rally, including references to Hitler’s intentions. 1 In the summer of 1942, an official publication of the Soviet embassy in the U.S. revealed that the JAFC planned “…to make public materials…concerning the atrocities …against Jews.” 2 Eynikayt continuously reported on the horrors of the Holocaust. Information about Jewish suffering increased with the liberation of the occupied territories. Eynikayt correspondents, Jewish Red Army soldiers and survivors flooded the JAFC with materials relating to the fate of the Jews under Nazi occupation. People often came to the JAFC offices on Kropotkinskaya Street to tell their personal stories, and to share their sorrow with the Committee members and staff. The JAFC also maintained contacts with the Soviet State Committee for Investigating Nazi Crimes. 3