Plato, Aristotle and Hellenistic Thought
DOI link for Plato, Aristotle and Hellenistic Thought
Plato, Aristotle and Hellenistic Thought book
As there is some general consensus about the development of Platonic doctrines from the Early Socratic dialogues to Plato's late work in the Laws, there is some disagreement about where to draw the lines between early, middle and late works. Although the Crito does not overtly mention the soul, Socrates questions his friends about that part of a person that can be harmed by wrong actions and benefited by good ones. The most important lesson is that no conclusion can be made about the part-like or tripartite division of the soul. In his efforts to blend the best of both pictures, and provide an account of an immortal soul attuned to the good, Plato presents various arguments about the composition of the whole being in terms of soul as an entity and body as an entity. In contrast, since Aristotle's i.e. of the soul is property-like, the soul is dependent upon its body.