The term ‘shin splints’ is often used as a blanket description of any persistent pain occurring between the knee and ankle in an athlete. The condition has a number of names including Exercise Induced Leg Pain (EILP), Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS), Exertional Lower Limb Pain (ELLP), and Biomechanical Overload Syndrome (BOS). The term CECS with be used in this text.