A number of theoretical models move beyond the social domain in an attempt to describe non-social diagnostic features and experimental findings, including autistic strengths. The ‘weak central coherence’ account was the first domain-general theory to attempt to explain strengths, as well as difficulties, in autism. Weak central coherence theory is accompanied by other models which draw on overlapping evidence, with subtle differences in interpretation. In response to the incompleteness of social-focused theoretical accounts, and in recognition of the prevalence and importance of non-social components of autism, a number of theorists have proposed domain-general cognitive interpretations. Another theoretical account which might fall under the broad heading of integration and complexity is the interest-based theory, monotropism. Just as social cognitive models of autism can be critiqued for failing to account for features outside the social domain, it is an open question whether the theoretical models of autism can explain the presence of specific social differences.