This chapter examines the limitations of initiatives led by international actors. Knowledge sharing, though important, is not the silver bullet for all transboundary water issues in the Ganges–Brahmaputra problemshed. Likewise, trying to address water problems on a basin-wide scale may not always lead to the most appropriate solutions. Furthermore, international actors tend not to account for the political realities of the region, but assume that increasing transboundary water cooperation will result in greater overall socio-political stability: this is not necessarily the case. There are, finally, limits to Track II dialogue, especially over the short term.