DOI link for Introduction
This chapter emphasizes the consolatory efforts of Friedrich Nietzsche and others that took shape as unifying cultural projects to replace the loss of Christian unity were an important defining feature of the age. The long historical lead up to modernist atheism replaced the creation of a fully realized man through divine fiat at a single moment in time by a long process of evolution into an organism made of numerous organ systems, tissues, and cells capable of sensation, memory, judgment, and imagination. Along with language and social organization, among many other higher functions. The oscillating images and planes are unified by Pablo Picasso's revolutionary aesthetic that did not derive from any rules about human anatomy, perspective, volume, or light and shadow, as did the work of his realist predecessors. The subject was a German art critic and collector of cubism, who commissioned Picasso to do his portrait in 1910.