In the characteristics of the brain’s neural encoding function, people can see root causes of some of the conflict behaviors they are familiar with observationally. Managing a successful change of understanding in conflicts that involve values and identity will often require attention to pace and degree of narrative revision. The more deeply involved a conflict is with values and identity, the more people will have to take into account cognitive biases that influence party understanding and analysis of issues and information. The balance between the dual propensities towards stability of previous learning and new-learning plasticity presents both opportunities and challenges to the practice of helping parties in conflict situations shift their narratives. Realizing the deep interdependence and inter-relatedness of organism with environment contributes to how we perceive and understand the interactions between and among the parties as they affect each other’s physical selves.