“Identifying Women’s Contemporaneous Diagnoses,” presents and discusses simultaneous diagnoses of an alcohol use disorder (AUD) and/or substance use disorder (SUD) and other mental disorder (OMD) that often occur among women. For example, AUD and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or cocaine use disorder and a psychotic disorder. The most common contemporaneous diagnoses that occur among women involve: anxiety disorder (i.e., panic disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder), depressive disorder, eating disorder, gender dysphoria, psychotic disorder (i.e., schizophrenia), or sleep disorder—and are presented. Attention also is given to poly-diagnoses identified among women (i.e., concurrent AUD, SUD, OMD, and another condition, such as HIV infection). During the new millennium, as many as 1 in 5 women were identified as suffering from a contemporaneous diagnosis. In addition, in the U.S. (by percentage), significantly more women, who are incarcerated, have contemporaneous diagnoses than do men, who are incarcerated. The prevalence of these diagnoses among women, and their related factors, are discussed emphasizing the importance of accurate diagnosis and treatment with attention to the inter-relationships of the presenting AUD and/or SUD and OMD. For example, women with adult forms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (A-D/HD) have been reported to have significantly higher rates of:

Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and panic disorder than do men with A-D/HD

Treatment for AUDs than do women without A-D/HD

Opiate analgesic use than do men with A-D/HD