The October Revolution had, as everybody knows, given the peasant masses the usufruct of all the lands in Russia. That is what the leaders of the movement had desired, but they were quite unable to see that property, on the one hand, and usufruct, on the other, were not at all one and the same thing. Russian peasants are generally divided into three principal groups: the rich, the poor, and the medium class. If one may judge from the lot of unskilled workmen in the towns, the situation of the country workers, scattered throughout the vast Russian and Siberian plains, cannot be a very enviable one. Workmen and employees often find that their subscriptions, of which the amount has been fixed without their knowledge by the Communist officials, are deducted from their pay.