How India Needed Buddhism
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How India Needed Buddhism book
The documents in which people can trace the nature of Indian religion are, first, the Vedic hymns, hymns of the Rig, Soma, and Yajur Vedas, then the books of ritual called Brahmanas, and later the oldest dozen or so of the 108 short collections called the Upanishads. These dozen are a little prior to or, in part, contemporary with, the day of the founders of Buddhism. They are long prior, in compilation, to the compilation of the Pali collections of Buddhist teachings. In the Vedas man is believing in and worshipping Deity as certain external personal powers disposing of the material world and the destinies of mankind. In the Brahmanas these personal gods have retired into the background. The central figure is the celebrant; the man building his altar with a manifold of measurings, sacrificing, and sanctioning all with the Word. In the Upanishads, one can see the final evolution of the appreciation of manhood.