This chapter analyses a comparative basis the investments of various nations, the essential features of each, and to point out the specific character of United States’ investments. A new type of person is pushing him into the fore and grasps at the straw of British economy. In South America foreign trade is the breath of life. The import trade from South America also was a bone of contention due to the wealth of products and to the continent’s quasi-monopoly in certain commodities. New opportunities in export and home trade have been discovered; new needs have arisen; and the continent has shared in the ups and downs of the great post-War speculation period. There is no monopolization of the South American market going on, either on the part of the United States or on that of any other country, and either in export or in import trade.