In the sports world, there was comprehensive discrimination against Jews. Many communities barred Jews from swimming clubs and pools. White racial exclusiveness in the United States made it considerably easier for Olympic authorities to deflect complaints about Aryan exclusiveness in the Third Reich. German sport officials frequently reminded their American counterparts that discrimination against "Blacks" was rife in their own country, inside and outside the realm of athletics. W. E. B. Du Bois, a titanic figure in twentieth-century Afro-American history and the Pan-African movement, editorialized in the pages of The Crisis, the organ of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which he edited, that the United States should steer clear of the Nazi Olympics. Discrimination against Black America notwithstanding, The Crisis of September 1935 contended that the American Olympic Committee should withdraw from the Berlin competition.