There are two very different ways in which we may hope to make the world better. One is through collective action, which in our time is usually the action of the central or the local state. Faith in the City was only one document that served as the inspirational prelude to much subsequent action and publication. However, it concealed both the size and the likely prime cause of the differences between the track records of British Afro-Caribbeans and British Asians. For such social problems the sovereign remedy is not the comfortably remote social action of "affirming other cultures", as recommended by Faith in the City, but the costly and laborious individual actions of parents of both sexes and all races to fulfill their own parental responsibilities. The best of charity is that which helps the poor to dispense with charity and to escape dependency.