This chapter explains how earthly life began. The notion of some type of primordial soup, chemical self-assembly, as the beginning of earthly life, seems, however, unlikely. The revelations about the beginning of earthly life and the origins of organisms leave us with many unanswered questions beyond the grasp of scientists, more in the realm of theologians and philosophers. The simple amino acids fused together to form peptides, more complex molecules with the peptides linked together to form proteins, still larger building blocks for earthly life. Thus, earthly life may have originated in a deep, underwater surface, without sunlight. Over the eons, the first earthly life spread horizontally across the seabed or porous rocks deep in the earth. Discoveries, supporting the superbugs theory, point to a threefold division of earthly life into eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and archaea. Archaea, meaning ancient in Greek, an early form of earthly life, comprise a third category.