From the beginnings of modern science, its advocates, such as Bacon, the positivists of the nineteenth century, the logical positivists of the twentieth century, and such current figures as Krauss, have made the argument, or, more accurately, the assertion that science supercedes philosophy. This chapter provides an interpretation of what scientific progress looks like in the philosophic time line, wherein science first departs and now returns to its philosophic origins. In this interpretation, modern science now returns, in the manner of completing a historical arc, to its philosophic "home." The primary example of this phenomenon is the arrival of contemporary cosmology as both a scientific field and ground for philosophic analysis and speculation. Philosophy's main method is that of dialectic, that is, a conversation or debate intended to identify, set forth, and subject to criticism certain positions. Compared to Enlightenment progress, the Philosophic version also looks to the origins of scientific thought in ancient times.