The Apparatus of Repression and Control
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The Apparatus of Repression and Control book
This chapter overviews the apparatus of repression and control. This overview is divided into two parts. The first explores the mechanism of direct repression. The role of the executioner was central as the direct agent of the state's terrorist endeavors. The second part focuses on the controlling and preventive elements of the apparatus-the evolution and proliferation of the police and judicial system. The professional role of the executioner was even greater in the early modern era when he was finally installed as a part of the judicial machinery. The development of law-enforcement apparatus was slow, and the machinery of policing and control was far from efficient. There were several types of problems. First, the power of the French king was not absolute. Second, the complicated judicial system devoted itself not only to maintaining order but also to enriching its members. Third, the king looked to the sale of hereditary judicial offices to replenish revenue. All these issues hindered police effectiveness.