Faking it in journalism
DOI link for Faking it in journalism
Faking it in journalism book
This chapter presents the historical context in which the debate around fake news is being pursued and identifies what fake news is NOT. Shattered Glass portrays the Glass episode and its aftermath as an example of what Matthew Ehrlich calls "paradigm repair" in public discourses of journalism. The chapter provides the essential distinction between news that is demonstrably false or misleading and that which is merely contested by various political and social actors, usually because it is at odds with a particular ideology or worldview. It argues that the tendency to conflate these categories is dangerous for democracy and the principles of free and independent media which have persisted—albeit with flaws and qualifications—for centuries. The chapter focuses on what fake news is not with some discussion of that category of political satire which in the 2000s came to be known as fake news. The examples of fake journalism were journalist-originated hoaxes, intended to deceive the audience for professional purposes.