Parliament and Legislation
DOI link for Parliament and Legislation
Parliament and Legislation book
This chapter covers the electoral system, the life of Parliament, the composition and role of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the process for making law, including secondary legislation. General Elections in the UK are held using the First Past the Post system (FPTP), sometimes called simple majority voting. The chapter shows that Parliament has two main roles – law-making and holding the Government to account – and so Members of Parliament (MPs) have this dual role. It considers the more general role of the Commons in holding the executive to account for its policies and actions. This scrutiny is underpinned by important constitutional conventions. Each Government, when it enters office, has substantive policy objectives: to improve the economy, to promote employment, to reduce crime, to maintain and improve international relations, to improve education, transport, environmental protection.