Signs and Symptoms in Psychiatry
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Signs and Symptoms in Psychiatry book
The patient’s description of an abnormal mental phenomenon is usually called a symptom, whether the patient is complaining about something that distresses him/her, or simply describing a mental experience that appears pathological to an observer. The patient may bring feelings to the interview that relate to past personal or family experience with psychiatry, or the patient may be inexperienced with the actual practice of psychiatry. This chapter discusses sixteen signs and symptoms in Psychiatry: disturbed consciousness, general appearance abnormalities, disturbance in behavior, disturbance of language and speech, disturbance of mood and affect, thought disorders, perceptual disorders, and disturbance of orientation. They also include: disturbance of attention and concentration, memory disturbance, abstraction abnormalities, intellectual abilities abnormalities, abnormal insight and judgment, cortical function abnormalities (agnosia and apraxia), gender and sexual problems, and disturbance of self. When the symptoms are aggregated, they may be regarded as the signs of whatever diagnosis is indicated.