This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book provides people with the background, knowledge, and critical skills for practicing cartography effectively and efficiently. It reviews the key concepts in mapping and some of the decisions that are a part of every map. The book provides a discussion of the guiding principles of cartographic design— in other words, how to start thinking about putting a map together in an effective and legible form. It explores map projections, the process of converting the curved earth’s surface into a flat representation appropriate for mapping. The book discusses the use of text and color, respectively. It provides a literature review of the scholarship in cartography. The book discusses key concepts and terms in this software. It also discusses some examples of cartography projects, discussing the planning, data collection, and design process that lead to the final map products.