The conclusion begins by making a general reflection on the relationship between identities and interests. Building on Breuilly’s and Weber’s considerations on the subject, it argues that one of the major novelties embodied by the nationalism of the rich lies in a move away from arguments based on sentiment and identity to justifications for national self-determination openly grounded on considerations of material interest. It also suggests that the main strength of the nationalism of the rich, and probably one of the main sources of its success, lies precisely in a virtuous combination of interests and identity. The chapter also provides a summary of the book’s main findings.